The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake is the third-largest earthquake ever recorded and holds the record for the longest duration of faulting ever observed. The massive event triggered a series of devastating tsunamis that generated waves up to 100 feet high which resulted in the deaths of approximately 230,000 people. Among those who died were John and Jackie Knill. When their digital camera was discovered, the world was left with a visual record of their last moments on earth presented in a harrowing sequence of photos that seem to end in mid-sentence.
The Gombe Chimpanzee War – violent four-year civil war for territory involved kidnapping, rape, and murder (1974)
The violence began on January 7, 1974 when a party of six males from the southern Kasakela tribe brutally attacked and murdered Godi, a young male member of the northern Kahama tribe. Over the next four years, all six males from the Kahama tribe would be killed by the Kasakela. Female Kahama tribe members suffered similar fates – one was murdered, two went missing and were never found, and three were kidnapped, beaten, and raped by the Kasakela. The war was over a sliver of turf – and the combatants were monkeys.
On August 27, 1883, when a volcano erupted on the island of Krakatoa, the Earth emitted a sound louder than any sound in history. The sound was so loud, it burst the eardrums of sailors in a boat forty miles away and circled around the Earth four times before succumbing to silence. No louder sound was thought to occur prior to this event and no louder sound has been created since.
A lake full of Pepto Bismal? Australia’s Lake Hillier – a bubble-gum pink wonder that scientists have yet to unravel
From above, Lake Hillier, located on the edge of Recherche Archipelago’s largest island in Australia, looks to be filled with Pepto Bismal. It’s bubble-gum pink waters are so unusual, airlines report passengers getting up from their seats and crowding around windows to get a peek of the stunningly beautiful natural wonder. Scientists are unsure why its waters retain their rose pink color but believe it may be from a dye created by the organisms living in the lake – Dunaliella salina and Halobacteria. Another theory proposes that the pink color might be attributed to the presence of red halophilic bacteria in the salt crusts. What they do know is that the bright pink waters are no illusion. The water retains its pink hue when taken away in containers.
The Hessdalen Lights are an earth anomaly (or UFO phenomena, they’re tough to classify without knowing exactly what they are) commonly seen in the Hessdalen valley in the central part of Norway. The mysterious lights, typically large, bright white, blue, red, or yellow lights floating above the ground or shooting at amazing speeds through the air, have been witnessed since 1811 or earlier. Interest in the lights picked up in 1981 when residents in the area began to see unknown lights in the valley and in the nearby districts. The lights sometimes remain still and sometimes flash, and can suddenly move at extreme speeds up into the atmosphere or down into the ground, or into one of the many lakes in the area.
At 11: 18 PM on August 15, 1999, the residents of the southwestern United States experienced an intense, unimaginable bright flash of light which lit the area brighter than daylight for 2-3 seconds. At the same time, people from all across the western U. S. began calling the UFO hotlines reporting their sightings of an unidentified object travelling overhead. Most reported a hovering ball of light. Calls came in from New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Montana, Texas and Mexico. 21 minutes later, a second (less bright) flash occurred.
Icebergs are typically white but various factors can occasionally cause them to turn a different color – green, brown, black, or blue are possible. Factors that distort the iceberg color include a lower density of air within the ice (which allows less sunlight to reflect off the surface or pass through the iceberg with a scattered pattern of light) or a higher density of rock embedded within the ice. Seldom are colored icebergs the result of man-made pollution or contaminants. Many times a colored iceberg has rolled over, revealing the discolored basal ice that once lay underneath the surface. Even striped icebergs are possible and can be created when a crevice fills quickly with water that freezes before ice bubbles are formed inside. Although rarely seen in nature, here are some pictures of famously colored icebergs.
In 1883, the first official report of the Marfa Lights came out. A Texas homesteader, Robert Ellison, noticed the lights and feared that Indians were attacking his home. After viewing the lights for some time however, it became clear to Mr. Ellison that these mysterious lights were not attacking Indians. These lights danced and flew wildly across the open plains.
In 1656, John Davis of Cardinshire, Wales recorded some of the earliest historical evidence of ghost lights. In this small town in Northern Wales, ghost light sightings were quite common and believed to portend the death of someone in their town.
On June 30, 1908 at approximately 7:15AM, a huge explosion occurred in a remote, mosquito infested swamp near the Tunguska River. A local reindeer herding tribe, called the Evenki, described seeing a bright, white light streak across the sky. They claimed the object, with a tail over 800 kilometers long, made no noise as it passed over the forests northwest of Lake Baykai. They heard 5 explosions, the second of which was the most powerful. To this date, scientist continue to debate the cause of the incident.
In California’s Death Valley, there is an area call ‘Racetrack’ that has puzzled visitor’s for hundreds of years. The area gets its name from the large flat stones that mysteriously ‘race’ around this barren dry lake bed.
On September 2, 1958 in Madison Township, New Jersey, Dominick Bacigalup survived an experience that to this date has confounded scientists. While sitting at his kitchen table, Dominick was bewildered when the roof and attic of his kitchen exploded with a deafening roar. After Dominick regained his senses, he was puzzle to find that a huge object had crashed through his ceiling. Upon closer examination, he and the authorities determined that the object was a 70 pound block of ice.
Every once in a while, if the atmospheric conditions are just right, the sun will spark a bright green hue just as it disappears on the horizon. Called the ‘green flash’, this phenomena is purported to be caused by the spectral separation of the sun’s colors.
“The impact is like a shovelful of fine sand flung against the face,” Avis D. Carlson wrote in a New Republic article. “People caught in their own yards grope for the doorstep. Cars come to a standstill, for no light in the world can penetrate that swirling murk. . . . The nightmare is deepest during the storms. But on the occasional bright day and the usual gray day we cannot shake from it. We live with the dust, eat it, sleep with it, watch it strip us of possessions and the hope of possessions. It is becoming Real. The poetic uplift of spring fades into a phantom of the storied past. The nightmare is becoming life.”